What is an Ethernet?

What is an Ethernet?Ethernet is a widespread international technology of local networks organization based on Ethernet Network technology that was designed and realized in 1975 by Xerox corporation.

Its standards realize two first OSI layers: physical (responsible for wire connection and electrical signals) and tunneling (responsible for block formats and access control protocols) levels.

Nowadays Ethernet is the best technology based on the price to speed and possibilities ratio. It maintains 5 billion networks worldwide and 50 billion computers operated with Ethernet netadapters.

How does an Ethernet work?

Ethernet use common air conception. In such a manner, computer transmits data on the air and specifies a recipient address. All gadgets connected to the network can receive this information, but only addressee computer processes received data. Other personal computers ignore improper data. This process is similar to radio station’s environment operation. Said otherwise: all radio stations transmit their broadcasts to the common radio field. Your receiving-set catches electromagnetic signals of all stations, but you listen necessary only.   

For Ethernet connection, an individual cable is laid from provider hardware to your personal computer. Usually, connection speed amounts to 100Mb/s that is sufficient for all network services by wide margins. Your computer forms a part of a huge network that give you additional possibilities, such as intra-network files exchange, online gaming with other users and other network services.

Positive sides of Ethernet technology

  • best range options in comparison with other technologies;

  • possibility using internal network resources in a high speed with no restrictions and additional payments;

  • no initial investments in home hardware environment;

  • possibility receiving high-speed tariffs;

  • independence of stationary phone/television cable availability;

  • various add-on devices for easy in-line connection of few computers or/and other devices (games consoles, CCTV cameras etc.), because it’s basic and more popular network technology today and in years ahead.

Negative sides of Ethernet technology

  • risk of messages collision and disturbances;

  • transfer time can be unpredictable in case of highly loaded network;

  • you need to add optional cable to your apartment.

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